Ephesians: Chiastic Units

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                                  1.1-2.6 x 2.7-4.1                                                                                      3.20-5.13 x 4.14-6.22

   
         (1)          (2)         (3)              (4)                (5)            (6)                       (7)                                (8)                  (9)         (10)          (11) 
      This work dates from 1975.  It consists of two large secondary chiasms, plus a further eleven smaller ones.  As far as I can detect, there is no overall chiasm.  The first secondary is 'doctrinal', and the second 'ethical' (see the introductory notes that illuminate particular aspects of the materials below).  Not all the lesser chiasms are equally convincing.

First secondary: 1.1-2.6 x 2.7-4.1
1.1 Paul 4.1 I say (λέγω )
1.2-3a Grace to you and peace
Blessed be the God & Father of our Lord Jesus Christ
3.20-21 To [God] be glory in the church and in Christ Jesus
1.3b blessed us with every ... blessing ... in Christ 3.20 able to work more abundantly than we ask
1.4ab holy and without blemish before him 3.19b Filled with fullness of God
1.4c in love 3.19a to know the love of Christ
3..17b you, being rooted in love
1.5 Adoption as sons
through Jesus Christ
3.17a
3.14a-15
that Christ may dwell in your hearts
I bow my knees unto the Father ...
from whom every fatherhood is named
1.6a to the praise of the glory of his grace 3.13b my tribulations for you, which are your glory
1.6b in the Beloved 3.12 in whom we have boldness and access
1.7a in whom we have our redemption 3.11b puirposed in Christ Jesus
1.8 he made to abound toward us in all wisdom and prudence 3.10c the manifold wisdom of God
1.9a having made known to the the mystery of his will
1.10a unto a dispensation (οἰκονομία ) of the fullness of times 3.9a to make all men see what is the dispensation (οἰκονομία - 3x: 1.10, 3.2, 9)) of the mystery
1.10b to sum up all things in Christ 3.8c the unsearchable riches of Christ
1.11-12 'We' [i.e. Jewish Christians] 3.7-8 I [Jewish Christian] was made a minister to Gentiles
1.13 in whom you [Gentile Chhristians] also sealed with Holy Spirit of promise 3.6 Gentiles as fellow-heirs, etc.
1.15 I having heard of the faith which is in you 3.4 When you read, you can perceive my understanding
1.16 I make mention of you in my prayers 3.2 If so be that you have heard of the dispensation given to me
1.17a that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ ... may give you a Spirit of wisdom 2.22b
2.22a
for a habitation of God in the Spirit
growing into holy temple
1.18 that you may know ... the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints 2.21b
2.21a
2.19b
growing into holy temple
every building fitly framed together
fellow-citizens with the saints
1.20a which he wrought in Christ 2.20b Christ himself chief cornerstone
1.20c made him sit at his right hand in the heavenlies 2.18 For through him we have our access in one Spirit unto the Father
1.21 far above all rule, every name in this world and world to come 2.17 Came and preached peace to you far off and to them that are nigh
1.22-23 all things in subjection under his feet [Ps 8.6] ... the Church is his Body 2.145-16 one new Man, making peace, reconcile in one Body
2.1 You were dead through trespasses and sins 2.13 You that were far off are made nigh in the blood of Christ
2.2-3 Your 'aforetime' state of sin 2.11-12 Yoyr 'aforetime' state outside Israel [and Christ]
2.4 God, rich ion mercy, great love he loved us 2.10c
2.10b
2.10a
God prepared for us to walk in
created in Christ for good works
For we are his workmanship,
2.5a even when we were dead through our trespasses 2.9 not of works that no man should boast
2.5b quickened us together with Christ 2.8b through faith, and that niot of yourselves: the gift of God
2.5c By grace you have been saved 2.8a For by grace you have been saved
2.6 and raised us up with him, and made us to sit with him in the heavenlies in Christ Jesus 2.7 that in the ages to come he might show the exceeding riches of his grace toward us in Christ Jesus
Second Secondary: 3.20-5.13 x 4.14-6.22
3.20-21 To him [God] be glory in the Church and in Christ Jesus 6.23=24 Peace be to the brothers and love with faith from God and the Lord Jesus Christ
4.1 I, the prisoner of the Lord 6.22
6.21
6.20
... that you may know our state
that you may know my affairs, how I do ...
an ambassador in chains
4.3-6 the unity of Spirit ... one Body, one Spirit ... one hope ... one Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God and Father 6.19c the Mystery of the gospel
4.7 But to each was given the grace  6.19b that utterance may be given to me
4.8a captivity captive 6.16c fiery darts of the Evil One
4.8b-13 Gifts of humanity - upbuilding ministry 6.16b-13 Put on whole armour of God
4.14 Tossed to and fro ... by the sleight of man, in craftiness after the wiles (μεθοδεία - 2x) of error 6.12a

6.11c

Wrestling not against flesh and blood but against principalities in the heavenlies
the wiles (μεθοδεία ) of the Devil
4.15-16
4.17
Grow up in all things into Christ
I testify in the Lord
6.10 Be strong in the Lord
4.18a darkened in understanding 6.9 knowing their Master and yours in heaven
4.18b the ignorance that is in them 6.8 knowing whatever good each does, the same he receives from the Lord
4.20 You did not so learn Christ 6.6 As servants of Christ, doing  the will of God
4.21-25 Truth, no deceit, no falsehood 6.5-6a Singleness of heart, not eyeservice
4.26 Let not sun go down on your wrath (παροργισμῷ - hap. leg.) 6.4 Fathers, provoke not your children to wrath (παροργίζετε )
4.27-5.1 Give not place to Devil, but be imitators of God, walking in love 6.3-5.28 Children, honour parents; husbands love wives as Christ loves Church
5.2 As Christ also loved you and gave himself up for us, an offering and a sacrifice to God for an odour of fragrance 5.27 That he might ptresent the Church to himself without spot or wrinkle, holy and without blemish
5.5 The KIngdom of Christ and of God 5.20 Giving thanks in the name of of our Lord Jesus Christ to God even the Father
5.6 Let no one deceive you with empty words 5.19 Speaking to one another in psalms and hymns ... making melody to the Lord
5.7 Be not partakers with them 5.18 Be not drunk with wine but filled with Spirit
5.9-10 Goodness, righteousness, truth - proving what is well-pleasing to the Lord 5.17b Understand what the will of the Lord is
5.11a Have no fellowship 5.17a Be not foolish
5.11b the unfruitful works of darkness 5.16b for the days are evil
5.11c Reprove them 6.16a redeeming the time
5.12 The things done of them in secret it is a shame to speak of 5.15 Look how you walk, not as witless but as wise
5.13a All things exposed are made manifest by light 5.14b Christ shall shine upon you
5.13b For everything that is manifest is light.  Therefore it says 5.14Ia Awake, thou that sleepest and arise from the dead, and
Subsidiary Chiasm No. 1: 1.1-9a x 1.9b-15
1.1a Paul 1.15 I also (κἀγω )
1.1b the saints [Jewish Christians] 1.14 our inheritance [Jewish Christians]
and the faithful [Gentile Christians] 1.16 you also [Gentile Christians]
1.3 Our Lord Jesus Christ has blessed us 1.12 We should be to the praise of his glory, we who had before hoped in Christ
1.4 He chose us before foundation of the world 1.11a We were made a heritage, having been foreordained
1.5a having foreordained us
1.5b according to the good pleasure of his will 1.11b according to the purpose, after the counsel of his will
1.6a to the praise of his glory 1,12a that we should be to the praise of his glory
1.6b which he freely bestowed on us in the Beloved 1.11a in whom [= Christ] also we were made an heritage
1,7 in whom we have our redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses [people/reconciliation vector] 1.10c to sum up all things in Christ
[cosmic vector]
1.7b-8a according to the riches of his grace which he made to abound toward us 1.10b of the fullness of the times
1.8b in all wisdom and prudence, 1.10a unto a dispensation
1.9a having made known to us 1.9d which he purposed in him
1.9b the mystery of his will 1.9c according to the good pleasure
Subsidiary Chiasm No. 2: 1.12-2.2 x 2.3-10
1.12 that we should be unt9o the praise of his glory 2.10 We are his workmanship, created ... for good works
1.13-15 You heard the word, believed, were sealed ... faith in the Lord Jesus which is among you 2.8a By grace have you been saved through faith
1.16 that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ may give you 2.8c the gift of God
1.17-19 the riches of his glory 2.7 the exceeding riches of his grace
1.20 wrought in Christ, raised from the dead, made him sit at his right hand in the heavenlies 2.6 raised us up with him
made us sit with him in the heavenlies
1.21 far above every rule and authority
1.22 put all things in subjection under his feet
and gave him to be Head over all things in the Church 2.5b quickened us together with Christ
1.23 which is his Body, the fullness of him that fills all in all 2.4 God being rich in mercy for his great love wherewith he loved us,
2.1-2 You were dead through trespasses and sins, walked according to the aeon of this world ... sons of darkness 2.3 We also once lived in the lust of our flesh, doing desires of the flesh ... by nature children of wrath even as the rest.
Subsidiary Chiasm No. 3: 2.1-5b x 5b-10
2.1-2a You were dead through trespasses wherein aforetime you walked 2.10 good works... that we should walk in them.
2.2b sons of disobedience, lived in lusts of the flesh 2.9 not of works that no man should boast
2.3 ... by nature children of wrath 2.8 By grace have you been saved - not of yourselves
2.4 God, rich in mercy, ... great love 2.7 exceeding riches of his grace in kindness
2.5a when we were dead through trespasses 2.6b and made us to sit with him in the heavenlies
2.5b quickened us together with Christ 2.6a and raised us up with him
2.5b By grace 2.5b have you been saved
Subsidiary Chiasm No. 4: 2.11-15a x 2.15b-22 (J. C. Kirby, Ephesians, Baptism and Pentecost (1968), pp. 156 f.)
2.11a Therefore remember that at one time you Gentiles in the flesh 2.22 in whom you also are built into it for a dwelling place of God in the Spirit
2.11b called the uncircumcision by what is called the circumcision, which is made in the flesh by hands - 2.21 in whom the whole structure is joined together and grows into a holy temple in the Lord;
2.12a that you were at that time separated from Christ, 2.20 built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus himself being the chief cornerstone,
2.12b alienated from the commonwealth of Israel 2.19b but you are fellow citizens with the saints and members of the household of God,
2.12c strangers to the covenants of promise, 2.19a So you are no longer strangers and foreigners,
2.12d having no hope and without God in the world. 2.18 for through him we both have access in one Spirit to the Father.
2.13a But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far off 2.17b and peace to those who were near
2.13b have been brought near in the blood of Christ. 2.17a And he came and preached peace to you who were far off
2.14a For he is our peace, who has made us both one, 2.16b thereby bringing the hostility to an end.
2.14b By destroying in his flesh the law of commandments and ordinances 2.15b that he might create in himself one new man in place of two,
Subsidiary Chiasm No. 5: 3.1-6 x 3.7-13
3.1 I, Paul, a prisoner ... on behalf of you Gentiles 3.13 what I am suffering for you ... your glory
3.2 God's grace given to me for you 3.12 confidence of access through our faith in him
3.3 the mystery made known to me by revelation 3.11 the eternal purpose which he has revealed in Christ Jesus our Lord
3.4-5 the mystery of Christ not man known in other generations [to men] 3.10 that through the Church the manifold wisdom of God might now be made known [to heavenly powers]
3.5b now has been revealed to his holy apostles and prophets 3.9 to make all men see the plan of the mystery
3.6 how the Gentiles are fellow-heirs 3.8b to preach to the Gentiles
3.6b partakers of the promise 3.7b-8a given to me ... to me ... this grace was given
3.6c through the Gospel 3.7a Of this Gospel I was made a minister
Subsidiary Chiasm No. 6: 3.11-17b x 3.17c-21
3.11a purpose of the ages 3.21d all the generations of the age of the ages
3.11b in Christ Jesus our Lord 3.21c in Christ Jesus
3.12 in whom ... boldness and access ... through faith in him 3.21b in the Church
3.13 your glory 3.21Ia to him the glory
3.14a I bow my knees 3.20b above all we ask or think
3.14b unto the Father 3.20a unto him
3.16b the riches of his glory 3.19 the love of Christ - the fullness of God
3.16c be strengthened (εὐαγγελίσασθαι ι ) with power 3.18a be strong (ἵνα ἐξισχύσητε ) to seize
3.17a by power 3.17d through faith ... in love
3.17b through his Spirit in the inward man 3.17c that Christ may dwell in your hearts
Subsidiary Chiasm No. 7: 3.20-4.9 x 4.10-16
4.9b descended 4.10a descended
4.8-9a ascended 4.10b ascended
4.7b
4.7a
grace given ... gift of God
     unto each of us
4.11 he gave
      some apostles,
      some prophets,
      some evangelists,
      and some pastors and teachers
4.4-6 one ... one ... one ... etc. 4.12 for the perfecting of the saints, work of ministering, building up of Body of Christ
4.3 unity of Spirit in the bond of peace 4.13a till we till attain the unity of the faith
4.2 lowliness, meekness, longsuffering, forbearing one another in love 4.13b knowledge of Son of God, a full grown man, measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ
4.1 walk worthily of the calling 4.14 that we be no longer children tossed to and fro ... by sleight of men
3.21 to him be glory in the Church and in Christ Jesus 4.15 speak truth in love, ... grow up into Christ
3.20 the power that works in us 4.16 from whom the Body, parts fitting and supplying each other, builds self up in love
Subsidiary Chiasm No. 8: 4.15b-32 x 5.1-23
4.32 Be kind ... as God even in Christ forgave you 5.1 Be imitators of God ... walk in love as Christ loved you
4.31 vices 5.3-4 vices [note; based on 2nd table of Decalogue]
4.30 grieve not Holy Spirit in whom you were sealed unto Day of redemption 5.5 ... no idolatry ... has inheritance in Kingdom of Christ and of God
4.29a
4.29b
corrupt speech
grace to them that hear
5.6 Let no one deceive you with empty words
4.25-28 avoid sins of 2nd table of Decalogue 5.7 Be not partakers with them
4.24 Put on the new man, be renewed 5.7c-10 Walk as chidren of light
4.22 Put away ... the old man 5.11 Have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness
4.20 You did not so learn Christ 5.14 Christ shall shine upon thee
4.17b-19 No longer walk as Gentiles ...
vanity of mind, darkened understanding, ignorance
5.15-20 Look carefully how you walk
not unwise but wise, not foolish but understanding what will of Lord is
4.17a ... I testify in the Lord 5.20b in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ
4.16 Body framed together, every joint supplies [to other parts] 5.21a subjecting yourselves to one another
5.154b the Head, Christ 5.21b
5.23
in the fear of Christ
Christ is Head of Church
Subsidiary Chiasm No. 9: 5.21-26 x 5.27-33
5.21
5.22
fear of Christ
wives unto husbands as unto Lord
5.33b wife fear her husband
5.23a husband head of wife as Christ Head of Church 5.32b I speak ... regard of Christ and the Church
5.23b himself the saviour of the Body 5.32a
5.31b
This mystery is great
the twain shall become one flesh
5.24 as Church subject to Christ so wives to husbands in every thing 5.31 For this cause shall a man leave his father and cleave to his wife
5.25 Husbands, love wives as Christ loved Church and gave himself up for it 5.30
5.29

5.28b
5.28a
We are members of his Body
For no man ever hates his own flesh, but nourishes and cherishes it, even as Christ also the Church
He that loves wife loves self
Husbands to love wives as own bodies
5.26a that he might sanctify it 5.27c that it should be holy and without blemish
5.26b having cleansed it 5.27b not having spot or wrinkle or any such thing,
5.26c by the washing of water with the word 5.27a that he might present the Church to himself a glorious thing
Subsidiary Chiasm No. 10: 6.1-6 x 6.7-9
6.6d doing the will of God from the soul 6.7a with good will doing service
6.6c but as slaves of Christ 6.7b as unto the Lord
6.6ab not in the way of eyeservice as men-pleasers 6.7c and not unto men
6.5e as unto Christ 8.8ab knowing that whatsoever good thing each one does the same shall he receive again from the Lord
6.5a-d slaves ... lords 8.8c whether he be slave or free
6.4b nurture them in the chastening and admonition of the Lord 6.9a And you lords do the same things unto them
6.4a And you fathers, provoke not your children to wrath. 6.9b and forbear threatening
6.2-3 Honour father and mother 6.9c their Lord and yours is in heaven
6.1 Children, obey parents in the Lord; for this is right. 6.9d and there is no respect of persons in him
Subsidiary Chiasm No. 11: 6.10-13 x 6.14-20
6.13d to stand 6.14a Stand
6.13c having done all 6.14b having put on ..., shod ..., taking up
6.13b that you may be able to stand in the evil day 6.16 wherewith you shall be able to quench all the fiwery darts of the evil one.
6.13a Wherefore take up the whole armour of God 6.17 take the helmet ... and the sword ...
6.12f against the spiritual [hosts] of wickedness in the heavenlies 6.18a with all prayer and supplication, praying at all seasons in the Spirit
6.12a-e For our wrestling is not against blood and flesh, but against the principalities, powers, world-rulers of this darkness 6.19 and on my behalf that utterance may be given to me to open my mouth, to make known with boldness the mystery of the Gospel,
6.11 Put on the whole armour of God that you may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil, 6.20a for which I am an ambassador in a chain,
6.10 Finally, be strong in the Lord and in the strength of his mighty. 6.20b that in it I may speak boldly as I ought to speak.