John and Jesus in Parallel in Mark
|6.17||Herod had sent men who arrested John||14.43-50||Jesus arrested|
|6.19||Herodias had a grudge against him||15.10||Out of envy the chief priests delivered up Jesus|
|6.20||Herod fearedJohn [see below] knowing that he was a righteous and holy man,|| 11.19
priests & scribes fear Jesus
Pilate: "Why, what evil has he done?"
|6.20||He heard him gladly [ἡδέως - only 2 times in Mark]||13.37||The great crowd heard him [=Jesus] gladly [ἡδέως]|
|6.21||Banquet||15.6||At the feast …|
|6.21b||Officers and leading men of Galilee|| 15.39
[To Peter:] "You are a Galilean."
|6.22||Girl's action precedes John's death|| 12.41-4
| Widow gives all she has into Temple treasury; 13.1-4: Jesus predicts
Woman richly anoints Jesus before his burial
|6.23||I will give you even half of my kingdom|| 15.6
| At the feast he
used to release for them any one prisoner
But the chief priests stirred up the crowd to have him release for them Barabbas instead.
Released Barabbas, and having scourged Jesus, delivered him to be crucified.
|6.25||She came in immediately with haste|| 14.53-72
|Night session of Jewish
Early morning session of Jewish leaders [Illegal, since Jewish law takes two sessions at least one day apart to condemn]
|6.26||The king was exceedingly sorry, but because of his oaths and his guests he did not want to break his word.|| 15.9, 12, 14
| Pilate’s efforts to get
Pilate wishing to satisfy the crowd
|6.27||Beheading||15.21 ff.||Jesus’ crucifixion itself|
|6.29||When the disciples heard of it, they came and took his body (πτῶμα) and laid it in a tomb|| 15.42
| Joseph of Arimathea. … who was
also himself looking for the Kingdom of God,
... went to Pilate and asked for
the body (πτῶμα)
He granted the body (πτῶμα) to Joseph
and laid him in a tomb.
|11.32||Chief priests, scribes and elders feared the crowd, for all held that John was a prophet.||12.12||And they [=chief priests, scribes and elders] tried to arrest him [=Jesus] but feared the crowd.|
|9.12-13||[John=] Elijah; Son of Man to suffer. Elijah has come and they did to him what they pleased.|
|1.14||Now after John was betrayed, Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the Gospel of God.1|| 14.28
| 'But after I am raised up, I
will go before you into Galilee.’
‘But go tell his disciples and Peter that he is going ahead of you to Galilee; there you will see him, just as he told you.’
John’s passion is the only narrative in Mark out of time sequence. I am convinced that it is placed here to represent (as proxy for Jesus) the Passover sacrifice which precedes the Passover meal of the feeding of the 5,000 (6.30-44).
Matthew maintains this.
Luke breaks off the Last Supper with the breaking of the bread. The next step would be to point to the lamb, but instead Luke immediately moves to the passion.
John narrates the Supper (in what we may call ‘lectionary time’) against the lections of Genesis 1 and Exodus 11-12, the ancient readings for Passover, while having Jesus crucified in narrative time on the eve of Passover.
Thus each evangelist provides a solution to the problem of Jesus being the Passover Lamb and the Last Supper/Eucharist being the Passover Meal, fulfilling Paul’s proclamation of ‘Christ our Passover has been sacrificed for us, therefore let us keep the feast’ (1 Cor 5.7).
1See the material on gospel prologues which reinforces this correlation.