John 18-20 as basically "inverting" Genesis 1-3

Return to Index or Resurrection in the New Testament
(Many of the details of the following were worked out with Max S. Liddle when he was an MTh student at UTC, Bangalore.)

JOHN  GENESIS (plus LXX Greek)
18.1 Jesus crosses the brook Kidron (2 Sam 15.23: David flees from Absalom; 1 Kings 2.37: Shimei to die if crosses Kidron, says Solomon; Davidic and passion motifs combined)
18.1 Garden (κῆπος ) into which he  entered [in obedience unto death] 3.24  Garden (παράδεισος  throughout Gen 2-3) 
Adam expelled for disobedience
18.4  Jesus, knowing all the things  that were coming upon him,  3.22  Behold, man is become as one of us, to know good and evil.
went forth and saith unto them, ‘Whom seek ye?’  3.23  Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden
18.5b And Judas also, who betrayed him, was standing with them 3.24a   So he drove out the man
18.6  They went backward and fell  to the ground (γῆ 3.23b to till the ground (γῆ) from whence he was taken
18.10 sword (μάχαιρα 3.24 the flame of a sword (ῥομφαία) to keep the way of the tree of life
18.11 Put up the sword into the  sheath [reversal of naked sword]
18.21a [Jesus:] ‘Ask them that  have heard me’ (ἀκηκοότας) 3.8 And they heard (ἤκουσαν) the voice of the LORD God walking in the garden
18.21b ‘Behold, these know (οἴδασιν)  the things which I said’ 3.7b And they knew (ἔγνωσαν) that they were naked.
18.23 ‘If I have spoken evil … if well (κακῶς ... καλῶς 3.5b ‘Ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil’ [cf. 3.7a, 22b] (καλὸν καὶ πονηρόν)
18.25-27 Peter’s second and third denials: ‘Did I not see thee in the garden with him?’  3.1-4 The serpent beguiling (3 times)
18.30 ‘If this one were not an evil doer.’ 3.11-19 God’s judgement
18.35c ‘What hast thou done?’  3.11bc ‘Hast thou eaten of the tree …?’
18.36 ‘My kingdom is not of this  world.’ 1.28
Fill earth and subdue it.
 Man vs serpent: bruise its head
18.37c ‘Everyone that is of the  truth hears my voice’  (ἀκούει μου τῆς θωνῆς)  3.8a  And they heard the voice of the LORD God (ἤκουσαν τὴν φωνὴν)
18.38a [Pilate:] ‘What is truth?’  3.5 Ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.’
18.38c, 19.4, 6  ‘I find no crime in him’  (3 times) 3.11-19  Threefold judgement on serpent, woman, man
19.5b Behold, the Man (ἰδοὺ  ὁ ἄνθρωπος 3.22b   Behold, the man … (ἰδοὺ Αδαμ)  [ἰδού – only Gen 1.29, 31; 3.22 in Gen 1-3]
19.7b by that law he ought to die 3.22d [Eat of tree of life] and live for ever
19.8  [Pilate] was the more afraid (ἐφοβήθη) 3.10 I was afraid (ἐφοβήθην)
19.11b He that delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin. 3.1-5, 14-15  Cursing of serpent
19.23  Garments (ἱμάτια) into four parts (τέσσερα ... and the tunic (χιτῶνα) 3.21
YHWH makes garments  (χιτῶνας)
Rivers of Eden divided into four head-waters (τέσσερας)
19.26   [To mother:] Woman (γύναι  2.23  woman (γυνή)
19.27 Behold thy mother (μήτηρ) 3.20 Eve … mother (μήτηρ) of all living  (cf. John 20.22 with Gen 2.7 below)
19.28  Jesus, knowing that now  all things been completed  (πάντα τέλεσται ) 2.2 And God finished … his works  (συνετέλεσεν ... τά ἔργα αὐτοῦ)
I thirst  2.5-6  2.5: no man [ἄνθρωπος] to work ground,  no rain; 6: but there went up a mist … and watered face of ground
19.30b It has been completed  (τετέλεσται)  2.1 And the heaven and the earth were completed, even all the world of them.  (Καὶ συνετελέσθησαν ὁ οὐρανος καὶ ἡ γῆ πᾶς ὁ κόσμος αὐτῶν)
2.2 God finished … his works (συνετέλεσεν ... τά ἔργα αὐτοῦ)
19.30c handed over the spirit  (παρέδωκεν τὸ πνεῦμα 2.7  God breathed into his nostrils the breath of life (Heb.: nishmah; LXX: πνοὴν ζωῆς)
19.34 blood and water (cf. 7.37 ff.)  2.5  The LORD God had not caused it to rain upon the earth
2.6 Mist rises and waters face of the earth
19.35 He knows that he says true  2.9 Tree of knowledge of good and evil
19.36b   ‘A bone shall not be broken’  Exod 12.46 & Num 9.2 (readings for second Sabbath in Nisan, 2nd & 3rd years of Nisan cycle; same Sabbath as Gen 2.4-3..21; both passages concerning Passover lamb
19.38  [Joseph a secret (κεκρυμμένος) disciple] for fear of the Jews  (διὰ τὸν φόβον) 3.8
Adam and Eve hid selves (ἐκρύβησαν)
‘I was afraid … and I hid myself’ (ἐφοβήθην ... καὶ ἐκρύβην)
19.39  mixture of myrrh and aloes (μίγμα σμύρνης καὶ ἀλόης) Cant. 4.14  myrrh, aloes, with all chief spices (σμύρνα αλωθ μετὰ πάντων πρώτων μύρων)  [Song of Songs read on Passover]
19.41 Where he was crucified there was a garden (κῆπος)    2.8 The LORD planted a garden (παράδεισον) eastward in Eden 
19.42 They laid Jesus (ἔθηκαν τὸν Ἰησοῦν and placed there the man whom he had formed (ἔθετο ἐκεῖ τὸν ἄθρωπον)
20.1a   First day of week (μιᾷ τῶν σαββάτων 1.5 First day (ἡμέρα μία)
20.1b while it was yet dark (σκοτίας)  1..2b darkness (σκότος) was on the face of the deep
20.12 Two angels (δύο ἀγγέλους)  sitting at head, one at feet, where  the body of Jesus had lain  (cf. 1.14: ‘tabernacled among us’) 3.24 Cherubim (τὰ χερουβιμ) at east of garden
Exod 25.18: Two cherubim (δύο χερουβιμ),  one at each end of tabernacle [Exod 36.8, 35; 37.8, 9 -  cherubim in Hebrew text but not in LXX.  This is 2nd year Tishri cycle reading parallel to Gen 3.22 in 1st year Nisan cycle]
20.13 Woman (γύναι), why weepest thou? 3.16  Woman (γύναι) …in sorrow I will greatly multiply thy sorrow.
20.15  Woman (γύναι), why weepest  thou?
20.15 the gardener (ὁ κηπουρός) 2.15 LORD God took the man and put him into  the garden to dress it and to till it [cf. Gen 2.5]
20.19  When … it was evening on that day,  the first day of the  week (ὀψίας...τῇ μιᾷ σαββάψων)  1.5 And there was evening (ἑσπέρα) … one day  (ἡμέρα μία)
20.19, 21 Peace be unto you* 1.31-2.3 (Sabbath rest)
20.19 doors shut for fear (τῶν θυρῶν κεκλεισμένων ...   διὰ τὸν φόβον)* 3.7-8 made aprons, hid selves ‘I was afraid ... and hid (ἐφοβήθην ... καὶ ἐκρύβην)
20.21  As Father sent me, I send you  (ἀπέσταλκέν ... πέμπω) 3.23  The LORD God sent him forth from  the garden (ἐξαπέστειλεν)
20.22  He breathed into (ἐνεφύσησεν)  them,… ‘Receive Holy Spirit’.   2.7 LORD God … breathed into (ἐνεφύσησεν) his nostrils the breath of life
20.23 Sins you forgive are forgiven 1-3  [Completion of inversion of Gen 1-3]
20.26-29 [//20.19] After eight days, disciples within, … doors  being shut
20.28 ‘My Lord and my God’ 2.4 etc. YHWH Elohim in Hebrew text ,which would  be ὁ Κύριος ὁ Θεός, Lord God, in Greek, but LXX in Genesis simply uses ὁ Θεός

* 1) 1 John 4.18: complete love (ἡ τελεία ἀγάπη) casts out fear.
   2) John 13.1: having loved his own … he loved completely (εἰς τέλος).
   3) John 19.30: ‘It has been completed’ (τετέλεσται) – i.e. the showing forth of perfect love.
   4) Thus in John 20.19 it is perfect love that casts out the disciples’ fear, their humanity is re-created by Holy Spirit (20.22), and they are sent forth (20.21) with the ministry of reconciliation (20.23), with the peace (20.19, 21) that is the end-time goal of Gen 1.31-2.3.