2 Peter and Jude

Return to Index
Note: You may wish to read Chiastic Structuring: An Introduction first.

1.  Overall Chiasm of 2 Peter  (work of J. W. McMillan augmented by J. M. Gibbs)

2.  Overall Chiasm of Jude

Overall Chiasm of 2 Peter  
(1x = once only in 2 Peter)

1.1 Saviour (σωτήρ – 4x) Jesus Christ    3.18b Saviour (σωτήρ) Jesus Christ
 .2  Grace (χάρις - 2x) to you … be multiplied  in assured knowledge (ἐπίγνθσις - 4x)    .18a Grow in grace (χάρις) and in knowledge (γνῶσις - 3x)
 .3 assured knowledge (ἐπίγνωσις)   .17 knowing beforehand (προγινώσκω - 1x)
 .4  his precious and exceeding great promises  .16b the other scriptures
 .5b-6a   knowledge (γνῶσις), knowledge (γνῶσις)   .16a things hard to understand (δυσνόητα - hap.leg.)
 .7  brotherly (φιλαδέλφια), love (ἀγάπη)    .15b    beloved (ἀγαπητός), brother (αδελφός)
 .9 cleansing from his old sins     .14b   be found spotless and blameless
 .10 be diligent! (σπουδάσατε - 2x)  .14a   be diligent! (σπουδάσατε)
 .11  entrance into the eternal Kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ   .13b   we look for new heavens and a new earth wherein dwells righteousness
 .12a … put you in remembrance of these things … the truth  .13a But according to his promises
 .13 I am in this tabernacle … putting you in  remembrance of the Day of God   .12   looking for the Coming (παρουσια -3x)
 .14 the putting off of my tabernacle  .10-11 these things are to dissolved
 .15  after my decease The Lord is not slack concerning his promises as some count  slackness
 16a We did not follow cunningly devised myths   .9  The Lord is not slack concerning his promises as some count  slackness
  .16b   Coming (παρουσία) of our Lord Jesus Christ    .8
Forget not this one thing
Where is the promise of his coming (παρουσία)
 .16c We were eyewitnesses of his majesty     .2c   Your apostles
 (.17-18 Tranfiguration)
 .19a   We have the prophetic (προφητικός - 1x)  word    .2a Remember the predictive words of the holy prophets (προφῆται - 2x)
 .19d   in your hearts      .1b your sincere mind
 .20 prophecy of scripture (γραφή - 2x)    .1a  I write (γράφω - 2x) to you

(2.1-22: False teachers – based in large part on Jude)

2.1a  There arose false prophets…as also among  you 2.22c Sow wallowing in mire
 .1b there shall be false teachers   .22b Dog returning to its own vomit
 .1c who will secretly bring in  destructive heresies    .21c after knowing it, they turn back from the holy commandment …
  .2  The Way (ὁδός - 3x) of truth      .21b The Way (ὁδός) of righteousness
 .3  Greed … false words … their condemnation  has not been idle  .21a It would have been better for them never to have known
 .4 God … cast [angels] into Gehenna  .20d The last state has become worse than the first
 .5 ancient world (κόσμος - 4x) …      .20a Escaped the defilement of the world (κόσμος)
 .7a [God] rescued the righteous Lot    .19 whatever overcomes one, to that  he is enslaved.
 .7b Licentiousness (ἀσέλγεια - 3x)   .18c   Licentiousness (ἀσέλγεια)
 .8-9 [Lot] vexed in righteous soul … the Lord   knows how to rescue from trial    .18a   Uttering loud boasts of folly, they entice
 .10  Flesh in lusts (σαρκὸς ἐν επιθυμίᾳ;  σάρξ - 2x; ἐπιθυμία – 4x)   .18b    Lusts of flesh (ἐν ἐπιθυμίαις σαρκὸς)
 .11 Railing judgement    .17  For whom blackness of darkness has been reserved
 .12  As reasonless living creatures,  born natural beings   .16 Dumb ass
 .13  The reward of wrong-doing   (μισθὸν ἀδικίας; μισθός - 2x; ἀδικία 2x)   .15d The reward of wrong-doing  (μισθὸν ἀδικίας)
 .13b That count it pleasure    .15c  Who loved
 .14a   Eyes full of adultery    .15a Forsaking the right way …  astray … way of Balaam
 .14b And that cannot cease from sin     .14e Children of cursing
 .14c Enticing unsteadfast souls    14d   Having a heart exercised in covetousness



Return to Top

Overall Chiasm of Jude

1a   Jesus Christ    25b Through Jesus Christ our Lord
1b beloved in God the Father    25a the only God our Saviour
1c  kept for Jesus Christ  25a   Able to guard you from stumbling
3a Our common salvation (σωτερία - 1x) 23
Some save (σῴζω - 2x)
Keep yourselves in the love of God, looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life
3b   Contend earnestly for the faith (πίστις - 2x)  once delivered to the saints (ἅγιος - 3x) 20   Building up yourselves on your most holy (ἅγιος) faith (πίστις).
4a  For admission has been secretly gained  by some who long ago were  designated for this condemnation, 19 It is these who set up divisions, worldly people, devoid of the Spirit.
4b ungodly persons (ἀσεβής - 3x) who pervert  the grace of our God into licentiousness  and deny the only Master and our Lord  Jesus Christ. 18 How that they said to you, "In the last time there will be scoffers, following their own ungodly passions." (ἀσέβεια -2x)
5a Now I desire to remind (ὑπομνῆσαι - 1x)  you, though you were once for all fully  informed,   17 But you must remember (μνήθητε - 1x) the predictions of the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ
5b that he who saved a people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed those who did not believe (cf. Num. 14.16) 16 These are murmerers (Num. 14.2, 36),   malcontents, …
And the angels that did not keep their own position … Sodom and Gomorrah and the surrounding cities (Deut. 29.23) 14b   "Behold, the Lord came with his holy myriads (Deut. 33.2)
8a These in their dreamings defile the flesh,  13 Wild waves … wandering stars … 
8b reject authority and revile the glorious  ones.  12c
Clouds without water …
Shepherds that without fear feed themselves.
9a  Michael … disputed (διελέγετο - 1x)   11d The rebellion (ἀντιλογία - 1x) of Korah
10a  But these revile whatever they do not  understand, 11c Balaam’s error
10b  and by those things that they know by  instinct as irrational animals, 11b For they walk in the way of Cain.
10c  They are destroyed.  11a   Woe to them!



















Return to Top